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Year Three

Local History/Geography Study – The Bishop’s Palace
  • Develop a broad and generalised understanding of the Bishop’s Palace site in Nettleham, including its location and the topography of the site;
  • Understand that a map represents a bird’s eye view of a specific location and represents 3D features of that location in 2D using symbols;
  • Understand how to orientate a map correctly with reality using the North arrow;
  • Understand how to use a map to locate features drawn on the map in reality;
  • Know the cardinal compass points, and intercardinal points, and how to use them to give directions.

Year Four

  • Revise countries of the UK and the capital cities;
  • Learn that capital cities are marked by a square symbol and understand what a capital city is;
  • Be able to locate and recognise key countries using atlases, focusing mainly on Europe including Russia. (Roman topic) Be familiar with our close neighbours in Europe;
  • Understand the term continent and know that we are part of Europe;
  • Recognise the continents and identify some countries from each continent;
  • Understand the term border and understand that borders have changed historically and can do so in the future.

Responsibility - to explain, in simple terms, reasons for changes of border boundaries

  • Locate North, Central and South America using atlases (Aztecs topic);
  • Identify key environmental, physical and human characteristics (including Mexico City).

Diversity – Understanding the diversity of how people live now and in the past, in every aspect of life, respecting different cultures

Morality - To explore the moral implications and effects of using natural resources and destroying habitats.

  • Understand that the physical features of Mexico and UK such as mountains and volcanos relate to their position on plates making up the Earth’s surface;
  • Identify the position and significance of lines of latitude, longitude, equator, Northern/Southern Hemispheres, Prime meridian and Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn;
  • Understand that the position of Mexico and UK in the world affects the climate in these countries. Have a basic understanding of phrase relating to climate: equatorial, tropical, temperate, polar.

Responsibility – to discuss climate change and the implications for how we choose to live our lives.

  • To understand that plates make up the Earth’s surface and that the edges of these plate cause movement than can result in volcanoes and earthquakes.

(relate back to Vesuvius in Roman topic as well as Mexican volcanic action).

  • To locate and identify the Pacific Ring of Fire and link the location to volcanic and earthquake activity, especially in relation to Mexico;
  • To understand that mountains often form chains and ranges and to know where some of the larger ranges exist in the world;
  • Describe and understand key features of volcanos, mountains, earthquakes and the water cycle (science – changing states);
  • Understand how the 4 main types of mountain are formed and recall some features of each.

Year Five

  • Build on knowledge of the United Kingdom and the wider world;
  • Revise the continents of the world – locating the world’s countries;
  • Focus on the continent of Asia and identify the countries within Asia;
  • Develop understanding of geographical features - both human and physical features – of a named country (India);
  • Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of the physical geography of India in comparison to the UK (focusing on mountains, hills, rivers and deserts);
  • Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of the human geography of Chembakolli in comparison to Nettleham (including schooling, housing, employment and trade.)

   Understand the differences between the rural and urban life in India.

Diversity – Understanding the diversity of how people live in other countries, respecting different cultures

   Begin to understand the relationship between location, land use and economic activity.

Year Six

  • Know that the United Kingdom is divided into 4 countries and is surrounded by several seas;
  • Know that the U.K is divided into Geographical regions and these are sub divided into counties;
  • Know the key topographical features of the U.K including hills, mountains, coasts and rivers;
  • Know land-use patterns of the U.K and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time;
  • Locate the continent of South America on a world map and globe;
  • Use maps and atlases to identify and name the countries of South America;
  • Understand that the Andes were formed by tectonic activity;
  • Understand some of the ways in which the Andes are used;
  • Use a climatic zone world map to allow understanding of the climate of South America;
  • Understand the effect of the location of countries in South America on climate and economy.
Map and European Study
  • Know the 7 continents of the world and the major oceans;
  • Know the most northern and southern points of the Earth are known as polar regions;
  • Know that the world is divided into lines of latitude and longitude;
  • Know that the key lines of longitude are the Prime meridian and the international date line;
  • Know that the world is divided into time zones;
  • Know that the world is divided into time zones;
  • Complete an in depth study of a European country.
South American Study
  • Describe the difference between human and physical geography of South America;
  • Know that the Andes run the length of South America.  Understand the impact of the Andes on the human and physical geography of South America;
  • Understand what world trade is. Research and understand trade and industry in South America;
  • Name some of the biggest exports of South America.  Identify some of the main industries in various South American countries;
  • Use a variety of resources to carry out an in depth study of a South American country;
  • Create an information booklet about a chosen South American country.  Select and include appropriate facts, figures and images. Present geographical information in a variety of ways.